Kamis, 03 Juli 2014

Adverb

ADVERB
                An adverb is a word that changes or simplifies the meaning of a verbadjective, other adverb, clause, or sentence.Adverbs typically answer questions such as how?, in what way?, when?, where?, and to what extent?. This function is called the adverbial function, and is realised not just by single words (i.e., adverbs) but by adverbial phrases and adverbial clauses.
Adverb of Time
                Adverbs of time tell us when an action happened, but also for how long, and how often.
   Ø  When                   : today, yesterday, later, now, last year
   Ø  For how long    : all day, not long, for a while, since last year
   Ø  How often          : sometimes, frequently, never, often, yearly
Example :
          1. Goldilocks went to the Bears' house yesterday.
          2. I'm going to tidy my room tomorrow.
          3. I, together with my pals, already have eaten lunch. 
          4. She’ll prepare for the final test from now to the next saturday.
          5. I paid a call my friend in the hospital last week.
Adverb of Place
                Adverbs of place indicate where something happens.
Thes  include; abroad, anywhere, here, outside, somewhere, there, underground, upstairs etc.
Example:
        1. The child went indoors
        2. He lived and worked abroad
        3. The ceremony was being held outdoors.
        4. Chris is going to work overseas.
        5. The road twists uphill.
Adverb of Manner
Some adverbs tell us how an action is or should be performed.
   Ø  Often these adverbs are formed by adding -ly to the end of an adjective.
   Ø  Adjectives ending -l add -ly ; careful-carefully.
   Ø  Adjectives ending -y change to -ily ; lucky-luckily
   Ø  Adjectives ending -ble change to -bly ; responsible-responsibly
Example :           
        1. The little girl ran quickly. In this sentence quickly modifies the verb ran (to run).
        2. The rich woman learned from experts how to arrange flowers beautifully.
        3. Students have to walk calmly in the school.
        4.Please read the instructions carefully before you filling the form.
        5. He wanted to know the difference between working hard and working smart.
Adverb of Frequency
                Adverbs of frequency tell us how often something is done.
Adverbs of frequency include; always, constantly, continually, frequently, infrequently, intermittently, normally, occasionally, often, periodically, rarely, regularly, seldom, sometimes etc.
Example :
            1. always do my homework on time. - In this sentence always shows us the frequency (how often) I do my homework on time.
            2. She goes out occasionally. - In this sentence occasionally shows us the frequency (how often) she goes out.
            3. always update the calendar at the beginning of the month.
           4. Poetria often takes notes during the Skype sessions.
           5. usually have to get up early to walk Laika.

Tenses

1.    Simple Present Tense
Digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan yang berlangsung pada waktu sekarang yang merupakan suatu kebiasaan (habitual action) atau suatu kebenaran yang tidak bisa dipungkiri (general truth) dalam bentuk sederhana.
A.  Habitual action :
·      Dalam kalimat positif
I, you, they, we
He, she, it
Verb 1
Verb 1 + s/es
Contoh :
Ø study hard
Ø You always come here
Ø He speaks english very well
Ø She calls her father
Ø They Play football

·      Dalam kalimat negatif
I, you, they, we
He, she, it
Do not
Does not
Verb 1
Verb 1
Contoh :
Ø don’t know the answer
Ø He doesn’t give me money
Ø It doesn’t matter for me
Ø She doesn’t speak english
Ø You don’t understand about that

·      Dalam kalimat tanya
Do
Does
I, you, they, we
She, he, it
Verb 1
Verb 1
Contoh :
Ø Do you study hard all day ?
Ø Does she love her husband ?
Ø Does my mother come to your house ?
Ø Do you speak english very well ?
Ø Do you understand ?

B.  General truth
Contoh :
Ø The sun rises in the east
Ø The earth revolves around the sun





2.    Simple Past Tense
Digunakan untuk menyatakan perbuatan yang sudah dilakukan pada waktu lampau dan tidak ada hubungannya dengan waktu sekarang dalam bentuk sederhana.
·      Dalam kalimat positif
I, you, they, we, she, he, it
Verb 2
Contoh :
Ø went to the market yesterday
Ø Last month we played football
Ø He bought computer two days ago
Ø She came to my house last night
Ø They gave me a gift last year

·      Dalam kalimat negatif
I, you, they, we, she, he, it
Did not
Verb 1
Contoh :
Ø didn’t go to the cinema last night
Ø She didn’t see anything last night
Ø We didn’t come to his party last week
Ø He didn’t help his father
Ø They didn’t stay here

·      Dalam kalimat tanya
Did
I, you, they, we, she, he, it
Verb 1
Contoh :
Ø Did you go to the party last night ?
Ø What did she do last night ?
Ø Did you finish your home work last night ?
Ø Did they play football last week ?
Ø Did he help his father yesterday ?

3.    Simple Future Tense
Digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan yang akan dilakukan pada waktu yang akan datang.
·      Dalam kalimat positif
I, you, they, we, she, he, it
Will
Verb 1
Contoh :
Ø will go to Jakarta next week.
Ø We will meet you tomorrow.
Ø They will come tomorrow.
Ø She will go there tonight.
Ø He will take examination next month.

·      Dalam kalimat negatif
I, you, they, we, she, he, it
Will not
Verb 1
Contoh :
Ø will not go to Jakarta.
Ø We will not meet you.
Ø They will not come.
Ø She will not go there.
Ø He will not take examination.

·      Dalam kalimat tanya
Will
I, you, they, we, she, he, it
Verb 1
Contoh :
Ø Will you go to Jakarta ?
Ø Will we meet you ?
Ø Will they come ?
Ø Will she go there ?

Ø Will he take examination ?

Minggu, 29 Juni 2014

tugas softskil style in written english



  • Question  adalah suatu pertanyaan  pendek di akhir kalimat pernyataan yang berfungsi untuk mempertegas  pernyataan yang bersangkutan.contoh : 
     He is a doctor, isn’t he?
    You are not happy, are you?
    Mary isn’t here, is she?
      
     
    • participles as adjectives adalah adjective (kata sifat) yang berbentuk V+ing (Present Participle) dan V+ed(Past Participle).
    contoh :
     
     The girl is entertained
    The show is entertaining
    I am interested
     
     
    • say / tell  adalah Kedua kata ini memiliki makna yang mirip. Keduanya berarti berkomunikasi secara verbal dengan seseorang.
    contoh :
     
    She told me that she loved John.
    Tara said to Ram that he had done very well. 
    He told everybody that he had to leave.
     
     
    • redundancy adalah pengulangan kata yang tidak diperlukan atau penggunaan beberapa kata yang seharusnya dapat dapat dihindari hanya dengan menggunakan satu kata saja.
     
    contoh : 
     
    The best way to learn English is to repeat the lesson again at home so that they won’t  forget it easily.
     
    You must translate the text in a careful manner in order that the meaning of the text in the source language is not lost.

    The language that it is used internationally should be mastered before you participate in an internationalorganization.
     
     
     
    • paralel construction adalah sebuah kata hubung yang biasanya digunakan berpasang untuk dapat menyatakan hubungan sejajar dan selaras antara dua kata atau klausa seperti sebagai subject, object dan klausa lainnya.
      Sifat hubungan keduanya biasanya secara gramatikal bersifat paralel ( berkedudukan sejajar ) itulah kenapa biasanya materi ini juga disebut Parallel Construction
     
     
    contoh :
     
    Leppy is not only modern but also sophisticated.
    I like either singing songs or playing music. 
    I would come if only you invited me